Our office received approval of both the I-601 Waiver (Application for Waiver of Grounds of Inadmissibility) and I-212 Waiver (Application for Permission to Reapply for Admission) for the Chinese spouse of a U.S. citizen husband.
Our client lawfully entered the U.S. on a B-1/B-2 visitor visa. She overstayed in the U.S. due to a misunderstanding of U.S. immigration laws related to the I-539 Application to Extend Non-Immigrant Status.
She was subsequently removed from the U.S. while attempting re-entry into the U.S.
Section 212(a)(9)(A)(i) and (ii) of the Immigration and National Act, as added by IIRAIRA Section 301, provides that foreign nationals who have been ordered removed may not be readmitted to the United States until they have stayed outside the U.S. for a specified period of time:
- 5 years for individuals removed through summary exclusion or through removal proceedings initiated upon the person’s arrival in the U.S.;
- 10 years for those otherwise ordered removed after a deportation hearing or whodeparted the United States while an order of removal was outstanding; and
- 20 years for a second or subsequent removal.
The I-212 waiver allows foreign nationals who wish to return to the U.S. prior to meeting the required amount of time outside the U.S. to file an application for permission to reapply pursuant to INA Section 212(a)(A)((iii).
In Matter of Tin, 14 I & N 371 (1973), and Matter of Lee, 17 I & N Dec. 275 (1978), the Board of Immigration Appeals established the standards to be considered in adjudicating applications for permission to reapply.
In Matter of Tin, the BIA stated that in determining whether consent to reapply for admission should be granted, all pertinent circumstances relating to the application should be considered including: 1. the basis for deportation; 2. recency of deportation; 3. applicant’s length of residence in the United States; 4. the applicant’s good moral character; 5. the applicant’s respect for law and order; 6. evidence of reformation and rehabilitation; 7. The applicant’s family responsibilities; 8. Any inadmissibility to the United States under other sections of law; 9. hardship involving the applicant and others; 10. the need for the applicant’s services in the United States; and 11. whether the applicant has an approved immigrant or nonimmigrant visa petition.
In Matter of Lee, the BIA stated that INA 212(a)(9)(A)(iii) was intended to be remedial rather than punitive, explaining that the factor of “recency of deportation” can only be considered when there is a finding of poor moral character based on moral turpitude in the conduct and attitude of a person which evinces a callous conscience.
Our client was also charged with fraud or willful misrepresentation under INA Section 212(a)(6)(C) of the Immigration and Nationality Act.
INA Section 212(a)(6)(C) of the Act provides, in pertinent part:
(i) Any alien who, by fraud or willfully misrepresenting a material fact, seeks to procure(or has sought to procure or has procured) a visa, other documentation, or admission into the United States or other benefit provided under this Act is inadmissible.
INA Section 212(i) of the Act provides that:
The Attorney General [now the Secretary of Homeland Security (Secretary)] may, in the discretion of the Attorney General [Secretary], waive the application of clause (i) of subsection (a)(6)(C) in the case of an alien who is the spouse, son or daughter of a United States citizen or of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence, if it is established to the satisfaction of the Attorney General [Secretary] that the refusal of admission to the United States of such immigrant alien would result in extreme hardship to the citizen or lawfully resident spouse or parent of such an alien.
A waiver of inadmissibility under section 212(i) of the Act is dependent on a showing that the bar to admission imposes extreme hardship on a qualifying relative, which includes the U.S. citizen or lawfully resident spouse or parent of the applicant. The applicant’s spouse is the only qualifying relative in this case. If extreme hardship to a qualifying relative is established, the applicant is statutorily eligible for a waiver, and USCIS then assesses whether a favorable exercise of discretion is warranted. See Matter of Mendez-Moralez, 21 I&N Dec. 296, 301 (BIA 1996).
For practical purposes, when the I-601 “Extreme Hardship” waiver is filed together with the I-212 Waiver, preparing a winning I-601 waiver application (by demonstrating extreme hardship to the qualifying relative and presenting a situation that warrants favorable discretion by the adjudicating officer) allows the applicant to also meet the standard for approval of the I-212 waiver.
In other words, if your I-601 waiver is approved, then the I-212 waiver will generally be approved as well.
We drafted a comprehensive 24+ page waiver memorandum outlining the relevant case law favorable to my client’s situation. It also discussed in detail the extreme hardships the U.S. citizen husband is presently suffering from, and proved how they would worsen in the event of continued separation from his beloved wife. We also highlighted a variety persuasive factors that I believed warranted an exercise of favorable discretion on the part of the USCIS.
Some of the favorable factors in this case includes the following:
- The U.S. citizen husband shares physical and joint legal custody over his children with his former partner. He would not be allowed to re-locate abroad with some of the children due to regular visitation rights exercised by the mother of the children. His U.S. citizen children would be emotionally and psychologically devastated should their father be forced to leave the U.S. to be with his wife. On the other hand, the U.S. citizen husband finds it increasingly difficult support his household alone given his deteriorating physical and psychological state.
- The U.S. citizen husband’s monthly expenses continue to exceed his income. He also does not speak, read, or write Mandarin Chinese and would have limited employment-prospects if he located abroad to China to be with his wife.
- The U.S. citizen husband is postponing much-needed surgery for a medical conditions because he cannot afford to stop working and fall deeper into debt. He also needs his wife by his side to help care for his children (and his elderly U.S. citizen mother) during his period of recuperation post-surgery.
Due to our efforts, our client was approved for both the I-212 waiver and I-601 waiver in less than 5 months after submission to the USCIS. This family can now lawfully reside together inside the United States.